A French surgeon, Francois de la Peyronie, first described Peyronie’s disease in 1734. The problem was noted in print as early as 1687, in which it was classified as a form of erectile dysfunction. However, Peyonie’s disease is associated with, rather than related to, erectile dysfunction, which is noted and not always present.
Deformity of the penis is the most frequent finding associated with Peyronie’s disease. Often, it is very subtle and only noticed when an erection is provoked. Deformities range from a narrowing of the shaft like an hourglass to a 90-degree bend of the erect penis. In addition, narrowing of the penis may be present proximally towards the base or distally towards the glans. Some men experience decreased erections distal to the area of scarring, and there is a tendency for the penis to buckle under pressure during intercourse.
The cause of Peyronie’s disease is unclear. In my practice, most patients who exhibit symptoms of Peyronie’s disease have elevated serum cholesterol levels or diabetes. Therefore, I believe that Peyronie’s disease is possibly due to obstruction of the small arteries that nurture the nerves of penile tissue or penile tissue itself. Many patients who have undergone treatment for prostate cancer, such as radical prostatectomy or radiation therapy, also develop Peyronie’s disease. In these cases, the disease is most likely due to nerve bruising during surgery, or obstruction of penile blood vessels from surgical trauma or radiation therapy.
Clinical Course/Natural History.
Typically, an episode of Peyronie’s disease is self-limiting, with the symptoms of pain resolving within 12-18 months. An acute or active phase during the first six months usually ends spontaneously. This phase involves pain of the flaccid penis, and pain with erection or intercourse. Curvature may be moderate, and the plaque or scar tissue may diminish or soften. After about eighteen months, no further deformity or scarring of the penis occurs, and usually the pain disappears. A plaque or hardening of the penis in a specific area may be noticed and is permanent. At this point, no further improvement of the condition will occur. This natural history of Peyronie’s disease results in a stable, non-progressive deformity, which may or may not need further treatment.
Peyronie’s disease is an uncommon condition, which is, in most cases, related to vascular disease or penile trauma. Symptoms, including penile curvature, shortening, and pain, should initially be treated conservatively with the expectation for improvement or resolution. The best option for men with erectile dysfunction or inadequate erections, and penile deformity due to Peyronie’s disease, is placement of an Internal Penile Pump.
Historically, medical experts have recommended waiting at least a year before attempting to correct Peyronie’s disease surgically, as the plaque of the disease may shrink of disappear without treatment. Some researchers have given vitamin E to men with Peyronie’s disease, usually orally in small-scale studies with some reported improvement.
However, no controlled studies have established the effectiveness of vitamin E therapy. Similar inconclusive success has been attributed to the oral application of para-aminobenzoate (PABA), a substance belonging to the family of B-complex molecules.
Surgical intervention prior to eighteen months after the onset of the disease is not recommended, since progression and/or resolution may subsequently alter the results of the procedure. If the natural history of Peyronie’s plaque has produced significant decrease in erectile function, surgery is required.
Peyronie’s disease has been treated with some success by reconstructive surgery. The removal or pinching of tissue from the side of the penis opposite the plaque, which can cancel out the curvature, is known as the Nesbit procedure. This is the most successful reconstructive procedure for men who maintain excellent penile rigidity, do not suffer from erectile dysfunction, and are unable to have intercourse due to anatomical deformity. The procedure is not recommended for cosmetic purposes alone. This method also causes shortening of the erect penis.
The surgical methods that remove or expand the plaque, followed by placement of a patch of skin or artificial material, should in my opinion be avoided. This method may cause loss of erectile function, further penile shortening and a loss of penile sensation. Plaque excision and grafting causes a significant reduction in erectile rigidity in the majority of men and urologist who use this technique must inform patients of this risk as well as be prepared to diagnose, evaluate and treat the post-surgical erectile dysfunction. In addition patient must be warned that irreversible shortening of the penis will occur resulting in a smaller penis than that patient would have had if initially treated with a penile prosthesis.
The best option for men who suffer from Peyronie’s disease and erectile dysfunction is to receive an implanted device known as the Internal Penile Pump. This device increases the rigidity of the erect penis as well as improves the curvature without shortening of length. In very rare instances, Internal Penile Pump placement combined with a technique of incisions and grafting (or plication, which is pinching or folding the skin) is indicated if the penile pump alone does not straighten the penis.
Penile Implant Corrects Peyronie’s Penile Curvature.
Above photos are of patient with Peyronie’s disease (left) and 6 months after Penile Implant (right).
Straightening of Peyronie’s Disease with Penile Implant.
Question: I have Peyronie’s disease surgery in Cleveland the doctor didn’t remove all the plaque, shouldn’t he had? Should I have all of the plaque removed before I go with prosthesis?
Answer: In the setting of Peyronie’s disease and ED it is always preferable to simply place a penile implant. Any procedure that removes plaque and places graft over the defect or “plicates” the penis will cause penile shortening and put the patient at greater risk of infection, with devastating consequences. Once the implant inserted, the plaque will no longer be palpable and therefore it is not necessary to remove it.
Question: My degree of Peyronie’s disease bend is app 30 degrees to the left. My penis length was 6 inches before the onset 20 years ago. How can the penile pump help correct this and how much of a decrease in bend could I expect? In your opinion, how much of my bend could the pump correct?
Answer: For some patients, the curvature is corrected 100% others are corrected enough to permit sexual activity without difficulty. Patients with Peyronie’s disease in general are best managed conservatively, especially if they are able to have intercourse. If intercourse is not possible (regardless of the rigidity of the erection) a penile prosthesis is the best option for most. It is better to have a longer penis, which is slightly crooked than a very short straight penis. Penile shortening always occurs with correction on angulation (either with plication, Nesbit procedure or plaque excision) without placement of a penile implant.
Erectile Dysfunction (ED)
Erectile Dysfunction Overview ED Explained Couple with ED Treatment Options ED Causes Common Causes Diabetes and ED ED and the Heart Prostate Cancer and ED Peyronies Disease and ED Testosterone and ED Evaluation of ED History and Evaluation The Physical Exam Advanced Diagnostic Tests Non-Surgical ED Treatments Cialis, Levitra, Viagra, Stendra Penile Injection Therapy Urethral Medications Vacuum Devices.
Penile Implants / Prosthesis.
Non-Surgical ED Treatments.
Cosmetic Penile Surgery.
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